REFORMASI INDONESIA ANTARA REALITI DAN PIDATO BRO ANUAR
ABE PETIK KISAH CEMERLANG, GEMILANG DAN TERBILANG INDONESIA SESUDAH REFORMASI DI INDONESIA DARI BLOG http://syedsoutsidethebox.blogspot.com/2008/12/indonesia.html
DAN ADA DIKHABARKAN KALAU BERI DUIT BAWAH MEJA SEKARANG NI MUNGKIN TAK PASTI UNTUNGNYA TAPI DULU KALAU DIBIKIN BEGITU MAKA PASTI PULANGANNYA.
ABE PUN ADA JUGA HADIR SEMINAR INDONESIA SELEPAS REFORMASI YANG CERITAKAN HAL BEBASNYA MEDIA SEKARANG DI INDONESIA. SEBEBAS BEBASNYA. ADA DIKHABARKAN BAHAWA PANCASILA DAN LAIN2 UNSOR TOTAL DEFENCE DAH TAK ADA LAGI. MAKA JIWA ANAK MUDA BETUL2 BEBAS. ADA KATANYA REFORMASI…”SEKALI MERDEKA, MERDEKA SEKALI.” KATA BRO ANUAR PULAK “LAWAN TETAP LAWAN.” TAMBAHNYA SEKARANG KITA LAWAN UNSOR PERKAUMAN AMALAN BN.
MAKA KITA MALAYSIA INI REFORMASI DAN LIBERALISASI TERHADAP KONTREK SOSIAL DALAM PERLEMBAGAAN 1957 DISAMBUNG KEGARAPANNYA OLEH BRO ANUAR IBRAHIM IAITU BABAK REFORMASI DAN PEMBEBASAN BANGSA MALAYSIA DARI CENGKAMAN PERKAUMAN. MAKA DIJANJIKAN BILA DIA JADI PM KELAK MAKA MALAYSIA AKAN “PERKAUMAN SIFAR.” MAKA KITA AKAN JADILAH GAMAKNYA MACAM INDONESIA SEPERTI YANG DICERITAKAN DALAM BLOG DI BAWAH. TAPI INDONESIA TAK ADA ISU PERKAUMAN SEBAB DIA MAJORITI UNGGUL BANGSA INDONESIA DI MANA CINA DAN INDIA TERLALU MINORITI KERDIL DAN BUKAN SATU FENOMENA UNTUK BUAT GELOMBANG TSUNAMI BESAR.
ABE FIKIR DI PR KECIL KUALA TERENGGANU NANTI SEGALA HAL PERJUANGAN DAN MASADEPAN SYURGA DUNIA YANG DIJANJIKAN OLEH DS ANUAR AKAN DIBENTANGKAN DI MEDAN RAKYAT DI KUALA TERENGGANU. MAKA BABI AKAN DITERNAK SECARA MODEN DI MANA NAJIS SERTA AIR KENCINGNYA AKAN HILANG RUPANYA DALAM UDARA. TAPI PROJEK TERNAKAN IKAN, AYAM, LEMBU, KAMBING DLL TAK ADA PULAK SI ANUAR NI NAK CAKAP NAMPAKNYA. BAGAIMANA PULA DENGAN MANUSIA ISLAM DAN BUKAN ISLAM YANG TAK MAKAN BABI?
ITULAH SAUDARA SATU EPISOD HISUP. ABE BUKAN NAK CAMPUR HAL INDONESIA TAPI NAK AMBIL KISAH INI SEBAGAI KAJIAN AKADEMIK SERTA PERBANDINGAN. MAKA KISANYA BARU2 INI DI KG PAHI, KUALA KRAI, KELANTAN ABE ADA JUGA DAPAT MAKLUMAT TENTANG INDONESIA DARI BURUH INDONESIA YANG KERJA KELAPA SAWIT DI ESTET TU…. KATANYA, ” ADUH PAK… TUAN… SEMUA MAU PAKAI WANG SEKARANG. MAU KAWIN, MAU DATANG SINI, SEMUALAH MAU PAKAI WANG. MAKAN DAN MINUM BANYAK DI LOMBOK TU. TAPI WANG NGAK ADA. MAKANYA SAYA DAN KELUARGA KE KG PAHI INI. BAGUS DI SINI PAK. SAMA MACAM LOMBOK. SEMUA ORANG ISLAM DAN BAIK2. KOK SAYA MACAM TINGGAL DI KAMPUNG SENDIRI.”
ITULAH ANTARA DIALOG SAYA DENGAN DEK DIN YANG UMURNYA BARU 33 TAHUN DAN PUNYA ANAK 2.DICERITAKAN JUGA ISTERINYA PUTIH DAN CANTIK. KAMPUNGNYA TIADA PEMUDA GAGAH LAGI SEBAB SEMUANYA KE MALAYSIA. MAKA YANG TINGGAL ADALAH ORANG TUA, BAYI DAN ANAK2 YANG MASIH SEKOLAH. TAPI KATANYA TAK ADA ORANG JAHAT. KAMPUNGNYA DI LOMBOK AMAN DAN TENTERAM.
HMMMM… ITULAH. TAPI DIN YANG DATANG DI SINI MACEM2. ABE PUN TAKUT KALAU NAK JALAN DI CHOW KIT TU. DIN CAKAP MENGAPA DIBILANG INDON NI JAHAT PAK? KAMI NI DATANG UNTUK CARI WANG BUKAN MAU BIKIN KACAU. TAPI SAMBUNGNYA,”KALAU ADA JODOH PAK DI SINI… MUNGKIN TAK DAPAT SAYA MENOLAK.” SAMBUNG DIN LAGI BILA CERITA HAL KEBAIKAN DAN MESRANYA SEORANG JANDA DI KAMPONG PAHI IAITU KAMPONG TEMPAT ABE BERMAIN SEJAK KECIL LAGI.
BACALAH POSTING DI BAWAH UNTUK BAHAN AKADEMIK DAN FIKIR2KAN SECARA PERBANDINGAN AKAL DENGAN PIDATO BERAPI PENUH MOTIVASI OLEH BRO ANUAR IBRAHIM……..
Wednesday, December 3, 2008
By Syed Akbar Ali
A few days ago I attended a half day seminar on Indonesia at ISIS. The speaker was an academic from Australia. The topic was ‘Making economic policy in weak, democratic, post crisis States: An Indonesian Case Study’.
Very briefly Indonesia is in serious trouble. We really don’t know what is going to happen to the country five years from now. When I asked for his opinion, the Don who was talking did not want to speculate about Indonesia’s future. Their five year future is unpredictable.
Here is a gist. Indonesia has changed from a firm, authoritarian, growth oriented economy under Suharto to a country with a very weak presidency, a weak Cabinet, a more powerful and assertive Parliament and more powerful and assertive society. Similar to our country too now?
The government bureaucracy has been weakened and the country is so decentralized that they now count the provinsi (provinces or states) and the kabupaten (daerah?) every week. At last count there were about 34 Provinsi and 465 Kabupaten. Each Provinsi has its own powers and some Kabupaten are also assertive. And of course Timor is independent.
Before under Suharto, the place was highly corrupt. But according to the Don, during Suharto’s time, when you paid money under the table, you could predict the outcome. Now the corruption is perhaps worse. And even if you pay money under the table, you do not know the outcome.
A Provinsi is headed by a Gabenor while a Kabupaten is headed by a Bupati. Since Suharto fell in 1998, Indonesia has had four presidents BJ Habibie, Gus Dur, Megawati Sukarnoputri and the incumbent Susilo Bambang Yudhyono.
Indonesia also had a historically weak Legal System. It is getting worse now. The province of Acheh has also enforced the Shariah. This only confuses issues even more.
The Professor said that economic policy making in Indonesia also has ‘new players’, thus diluting the power of the Central Government.
I think this needs some clarification. The policy making is ‘centralised’ because the Budget is always a central Budget. The problem arises in the power to object and the power to stall things. The Provinsi will ask to ‘input’ into Government projects. This means they want to choose the size of the project, the location, the contractors etc. We are facing this problem in our country too – over the past five years and now becoming even more so after March 8th.
Complicating this issue is the fact that some Provinsi also earned substantial revenues which went into the Provinsi’s own kitty – independent of the Central Government.
At the end of the seminar, one astute observer pointed out if there was much similarity between Indonesia and Malaysia. Read from the top again and see if indeed there are any similarities.
Growth has not fully recovered since the Suharto era. It was 7.5% in 1996, hit minus 15% in 1998 and remained below 5% until 2005. FDI is very weak, about USD7.0 Billion in 2006. The price inflation chart from 1990 till 2006 looks like a crazy roller coaster with NO FIGURES from 1997 till 1999 (meaning inflation flew off the chart)
The more assertive civil society initiatives are also having an impact on the country’s ability to organize and move forward. For example Labour Policies are considered very employer unfriendly. If a worker is laid off, the employer must pay him eight months severance pay – the highest in Asia! There are also minimum wage rules. Hence firms are reluctant to hire new workers in Indonesia.
The Don did not know that Indonesia is no more an OPEC member – its volume of oil production has fallen. So where are they going to get money to do everything? Education and health are still basic in Indonesia. Even roads are basic.
Aceh is pulling apart. So is Madura, Sulawesi, Ambon and Irian Jaya. This is because the Central Government which is Javanese controlled (Ketuanan Jawa?) has failed to bring about balanced economic development in Indonesia. Its vast oil, gas, mineral, timber, fishery and natural resources plus its awesome tourist attractions (beaches, mountains, volcanos etc) have not been properly and fully exploited to benefit its people.
And the people are not educated enough, technical education is very poor in Indonesia. The people do not keep up with what is happening around them in the world.
Hence they have no choice but to export their low quality labour to Malaysia. In Malaysia the Bangladeshi with a few years of English education speaks better English and earns more per month than our local boys and girls.
Compared to both, the Indonesian labourer earns a pittance and lives in hovels. The Filipina maid can earn RM1200 per month because she speaks English. The Indon maid hardly makes RM400 a month, one third the salary. The Indon maids also have serious personal and other problems which prevent them from staying long in their jobs.
We need to watch Indonesia very carefully. They are our nearest neighbour (nearer than Singapore because we have a land border) but with over 250 million people with increasingly limited options in life.
I would strongly suggest that our universities or think tanks set up an Indonesia Institute where we study Indonesia in detail, right down to what happens in the Provinsis and the Kabupatens. We must monitor them carefully.
This way if we have to engage with them (if they do not mind and if we learn not to be patronizing) we will be able to give them useful input.
Instead of investing in Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan and other -stans, I think it would be better if we invest in capacity building in Indonesia including business, industry and agriculture. Our private sector should also invest in (for profit lah, jangan takut) private universities, medical schools and hospitals. Pragmatic Government assistance may be useful here. If we can help them develop, then we need not have to strain our resources caring for them or arresting them when they come over here by the boatloads. Poor neighbours can cost a lot of money, energy and sorrow. Rich neighbours are often such a joy.
We certainly will not be able to prevent them from coming over. They were here first.
Posted by Syed Akbar Ali at 5:44:00 PM